analogical reasoning


analogical reasoning
гос. упр. обоснование аналогией* (этическая стратегия, которую может избрать государственный служащий, в случае когда несет ответственность по закону; выражается в том, что он руководствуется не столько существующими (прописанными) нормами закона, сколько опытом предшествующих анологичных (но не обязательно идентичных) ситуаций)
See:

Англо-русский экономический словарь.

Смотреть что такое "analogical reasoning" в других словарях:

  • Reasoning — is the cognitive process of looking for reasons for beliefs, conclusions, actions or feelings. [ Kirwin, Christopher. 1995. Reasoning . In Ted Honderich (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy . Oxford: Oxford University Press: p. 748] Humans… …   Wikipedia

  • Analogical modeling — NOTOC Analogical modeling (hereafter AM) is a formal theory of exemplar based analogical reasoning, proposed by Royal Skousen, professor of Linguistics and English language at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. It is applicable to language… …   Wikipedia

  • Deductive reasoning — Deductive reasoning, also called deductive logic, is reasoning which constructs or evaluates deductive arguments. Deductive arguments are attempts to show that a conclusion necessarily follows from a set of premises or hypotheses. A deductive… …   Wikipedia

  • Analogy — is both the cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. In a narrower sense, analogy is… …   Wikipedia

  • Analogy — • A philosophical term used to designate, first, a property of things; secondly, a process of reasoning Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Analogy     Analogy      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Early Islamic philosophy — or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting until the 6th century AH (late 12th century CE). The period is known as… …   Wikipedia

  • Qiyas — In Sunni Islamic jurisprudence,the qiyas (Arabic قياس) is the process of analogical reasoning in which the teachings of the Quran are compared and contrasted with those of the Hadith, ie. in order to make an analogy with a known injunction (nass) …   Wikipedia

  • Logic in Islamic philosophy — Logic (Arabic: Mantiq ) played an important role in early Islamic philosophy. Islamic law placed importance on formulating standards of argument, which gave rise to a novel approach to logic in Kalam, as seen in the method of qiyas . This… …   Wikipedia

  • Jurisprudence — For the jurisprudence of courts, see Case law. Philosophers of law ask what is law? and what should it be? Jurisprudence is the theory and philosophy of law. Scholars of jurisprudence, or legal theorists (including legal philosophers and social… …   Wikipedia

  • History of logic — Philosophy ( …   Wikipedia

  • Conceptual change — is the process whereby concepts and relationships between them change over the course of an individual person’s lifetime or over the course of history. Research in three different fields – cognitive developmental psychology, science education,… …   Wikipedia

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